The PE ratio measures company valuation with its current earnings rather than its potential future earnings.
The price-to-earnings (PE) ratio is one of the most popular valuation metrics among stock market investors. It is a widely used method for determining the market cost of equity. It helps analysts understand how expensive or cheap a particular stock is relative to other stocks from the same industry.
What is the PE ratio? | The price-to-earnings ratio Explained:
The Price Earning Ratio lets you compare stocks based on their current valuations and see which stocks are overvalued or undervalued compared to their peers.
The lower the ratio, the more attractive it may be to investors. However, due to limitations on its use, investors should supplement this metric with other information when making investment decisions.
How is the PE ratio calculated? A stock’s price-to-earnings ratio is calculated by dividing its share price by its earnings per share (EPS). It helps to measure a company’s value to see if the stock is overvalued or undervalued. We all know by far that if we invest in an undervalued asset, which is fundamentally strong and has a greater probability of prospering in the future, we benefit.
Compared to the benchmark (industry’s price-earnings ratio), companies with low PE ratios are considered undervalued, and there is a potential for an increase in stock price over time. High p/e ratios make investment less desirable.
While this may seem like a straightforward interpretation, it has its limitations as a valuation metric. It would help if you could supplement it with other information before making an investment decision.
We’ll take an in-depth look at these limitations below so that you can understand why some professionals choose to look at other metrics when making investment decisions about companies with high P/E ratios.
PE ratios and the market
The PE ratio of a stock is a great earnings multiple for comparing stocks from the same industry but does not help predict future stock returns.
One of the biggest issues with using the standard PE is that it cannot predict future returns. It only includes the current earnings in the calculation and depicts the same earnings will continue in the future, which is not an accurate prediction.
The standard PE is backwards-looking, which means it looks at the past data while calculating the e ratio of a particular company. At best, it can help predict the future based on what has happened in the past. This is helpful when examining a stock you have owned for many years, but it only helps a little when deciding which new stocks to invest in. If a store has a price-earning-ratio of 20 and the overall market has a PE ratio of 25, you might conclude that the stock is a good investment.
What is a good PE ratio?
There is no rule of thumb on a good pe ratio. However, to understand what the price-to-earning ratio means to you, a stock with a P/E ratio of 10 might be considered a much better bargain than a stock with a P/E ratio of 25, which would be regarded as much more expensive.
For example, tech companies that grow quickly often have higher P/Es, whereas utilities, which have lesser growth opportunities, often have lower P/Es. But there are industries such as Real Estate for which P/E is not the best deciding tool to know whether a stock is fairly valued.
A good PE ratio should reflect future earnings. Earnings drive stock prices, and if a company’s future earnings aren’t expected to be high enough to justify the share price, then it will have a high PE ratio.
For instance, a company may have a low PE ratio because it expects its future earning potential to be lower than its current earnings. That means the market is discounting the stock’s future earnings value.
The Limitations of the PE ratio as an investment metric
Despite what some may say, there are some limitations to using the price-to-earnings ratio as an investment metric. The PE ratio does not account for future earnings and assumes that a company will maintain its current level of earnings for the foreseeable future. It also relies on publicly available information like its share price and earnings per share, which does not give insight into a company’s future growth opportunities.
The Price Earning Ratio is a trailing indicator reflecting current market conditions. The problem with this is that you only look at data that has already been considered in the current stock price. As a result, if there is an unexpected and sudden drop in earnings, the ratio will not be able to reflect that change in the near term.
Another thing to be cautious about is comparing PE multiple for one stock to another. While it is helpful to compare the same for one stock to the overall market, comparing one stock’s PE ratio to another is not useful. However, when comparing stocks from the same industry, the P/E ratio may seem useful in some cases.
The p/e ratio cannot be used as a single metric to take investment decisions as it does not consider important aspects of stock that influence a company’s share price. For example, the implied volatility of a company share price- which may have high earnings growth year over year, but it might have a higher risk than other companies with lower earnings.
Investors should compare the price-to-earnings ratio with other metrics like the Price-To-Earnings Growth (PEG) ratio and the company’s fundamental position when making an investment decision to ensure they’re on the right track.
What is PEG (The price-to-earnings-growth) ratio?
The Price Earning Ratio measures the price relative to a company’s earnings. A variation in this company’s earnings growth is measured by the price-to-earnings-growth (PEG) ratio, which looks at the price relative to the company’s expected earnings growth.
PEG is calculated as the price-earnings ratio divided by a company’s earnings growth rate.
The PEG ratio is a historically popular method for comparing a stock’s price to its earnings-per-share (EPS) growth rate. The higher the PEG ratio, the more expensive the stock is relative to its underlying earnings, and the lower the PEG ratio means the stock is undervalued. Generally, a lower than 1.0 is considered a good PEG ratio.
It may seem intuitive that this would be a good way of comparing two stocks, but it’s only sometimes an ideal metric. The PEG ratio can also give misleading results when used in isolation. For example, it can be skewed by extreme outliers, obscuring the cheaper stocks that aren’t growing as fast but have lower valuations.
The PE ratio will remain among the most useful and convenient price multiples to evaluate if a stock is overpriced or undervalued. There is no straight answer to whether the price-to-earning ratio is a good metric or bad.
No one knows what the future holds. As a result, accurately predicting the future price of any stock is nearly impossible. This means you should not rely on any metric when investing in stocks. Instead, it would help if you include a variety of financial ratios (such as P/B ratio, Dividend-payout ratio, ROE, accounts receivable turnover ratio etc.) company’s financial statements, the company’s annual report, and quarterly results (out of other valuation metrics) in your research to analyse a company’s stock price before investing.
The price-earning ratio helps compare a company’s share price with the industry benchmark, but it needs to provide more insight into making investment decisions.